RIMS Nepal started working in the field of natural resource management since its establishment in 2001. Millions of population in Nepal is dependent on natural resources and biodiversity for their livelihood. Conservation and sustainable management of ecosystem and biodiversity is one of the pre-requisite for safeguarding rural livelihoods. However, due to changes in demography, socio-economic and development context, climate change and urbanization, the biodiversity and whole ecosystem is under threat. RIMS-Nepal has considered following strategic areas of interventions with an aim to enrich biodiversity and manage ecosystem services sustainably. The strategies include; Enterprise oriented community based forest management, Public land management, Participatory biodiversity monitoring, Payment for ecosystem services, Ecotourism and Forest certification.