Agriculture is the backbone of the Nepalese economy. More than 65% of the population is dependent on agriculture for their livelihood. The improvement of agriculture will contribute both the livelihoods of communities as well as improvement in the economy of the country. However, the Nepalese agriculture system is not performing well due to various reasons. Crop and livestock production is declining. Despite the potentials, Nepal has to import agriculture products from abroad. It is thus necessary to maximize the agriculture production potentials of Nepal by improving policies, service delivery and technology transfer. It is also necessary to address issues such as labour crisis, loss of agriculture biodiversity, declining livestock population, land degradation and market failures. Agriculture, livestock and food security will be another strategic thematic area of RIMS- Nepal. Under these theme different kinds of home state gardening, commercial vegetable production, river bed farming, High Value Crops related income generation activities and livestock and poultry as well as fish farming related activities will be implemented through different projects. In this regards, to increase the access of the impact groups on food, enhance their economic condition and improve their overall livelihoods condition focuses its interventions on High Value Crops (HVC) and commercial farming, Small scale irrigation (rain water, paddle pump, sprinkle, drip, pond, Multi Use Water System), Home gardening, River bed farming, Livestock, poultry, Fishery and beekeeping, Introduction of high yielding varieties, Market information System and market solutions, Technology transfer etc.